莎士比亚的这首不长的诗,却写尽了人长长的一生

法国印象派著名画家 雷诺阿  作品

All the world’s a stage

全世界是个舞台

作者:莎士比亚,译者:朱生豪

All the world’s a stage,

全世界是个舞台,

And all the men and women merely players;

所有的男男女女不过是一些演员;

They have their exits and their entrances,

他们都有下场的时候,也都有上场的时候。

And one man in his time plays many parts,

一个人的一生中扮演着好几个角色,

His acts being seven ages.

他的表演可以分为七个时期。

At first the infant,

最初是婴孩,

Mewling and puking in the nurse’s arms.

在保姆的怀中啼哭呕吐。

Then the whining school-boy, with his satchel

然后是背着书包、满脸红光的学童

And shining morning face, creeping like snail

像蜗牛一样慢腾腾地拖着脚步,

Unwillingly to school.

情愿地呜咽着上学堂。

And then the lover,

然后是情人,

Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad

像炉灶一样叹着气,写了一首悲哀的诗歌咏着

Made to his mistress’ eyebrow.

他恋人的眉毛。

Then a soldier,

然后是一个军人,

Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard,

满口发着古怪的誓,胡须长得像豹子一样,

Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,

爱惜着名誉,动不动就要打架,

Seeking the bubble reputation, even in the cannon’s mouth.

在炮口上寻求着泡沫一样的荣名。

And then the justice,

然后是法官,

In fair round belly with a good capon lined,

胖胖圆圆的肚子塞满了阉鸡,

With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,

凛然的眼光,整洁的胡须,

Full of wise saws, and modern instances;

满嘴都是格言和老生常谈;

And so he plays his part.

他这样扮了他的一个角色。

The sixth age shifts

第六个时期变成了

Into the lean and slippered pantaloon,

精瘦的趿着拖鞋的龙钟老叟,

With spectacles on nose and pouch on side,

鼻子上架着眼镜,腰边悬着钱袋;

His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide

他那年轻时候节省下来的长袜子,

For his shrunk shank,

套在他皱瘪的小腿上显得宽大异常;

And his big manly voice,

他那朗朗的男子的口音

Turning again toward childish treble, pipes,

又变成了孩子似的尖叫,

And whistles in his sound.

像是吹着风笛和哨子。

Last scene of all, that ends this strange eventful history,

终结着这段古怪多事的历史的最后一场,

Is second childishness, and mere oblivion,

是孩提时代的再现,全然的遗忘,

Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.

没有牙齿,没有眼睛,没有口味,没有一切。

本诗节选自莎士比亚喜剧《皆大欢喜(As you like it)》。